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Use Remote Control Navigation

Since Fire TV devices don’t have a touch screen and user interaction happens via a remote control, remote control navigation becomes a primary feature for Fire TV apps. Also, not all elements in the app have unique identifiers and those elements can be accessed via remote control navigation only. For Appium based tests, Android keycodes can be used to control Amazon Fire TV Stick remote buttons. We can call the pressKey method (with the relevant keycode) to press any remote control button.

Example:

driver.pressKey(new KeyEvent(AndroidKey.DPAD_DOWN)); //Press DPAD_DOWN
driver.pressKey(new KeyEvent(AndroidKey.DPAD_RIGHT)); //Press DPAD_RIGHT
driver.pressKeycode(20); //Press DPAD_DOWN
driver.pressKeycode(22); //Press DPAD_RIGHT
driver.press_keycode(20) # DPAD_DOWN
driver.press_keycode(22) # DPAD_RIGHT

Here is a complete list of Fire TV Remote buttons mapping:

KeyCode Button KeyEvent Behaviour
4 Back KEYCODE_BACK Return the user to the previous operation or screen (Activity).
82 Menu KEYCODE_MENU Invoke the Android context menu (OptionsMenu)
23 Select (D-Pad Center) KEYCODE_DPAD_CENTER Select the user interface item with the current focus.
19 Up (D-Pad) KEYCODE_DPAD_UP Move the focus upward in the user interface.
20 Down (D-Pad) KEYCODE_DPAD_DOWN Move the focus downward in the user interface.
21 Left (D-Pad) KEYCODE_DPAD_LEFT Move the focus left in the user interface.
22 Right (D-Pad) KEYCODE_DPAD_RIGHT Move the focus right in the user interface.
85 Play/Pause KEYCODE_MEDIA_PLAY_PAUSE Control media playback. Play/Pause is a toggle.
89 Rewind KEYCODE_MEDIA_REWIND Rewind or skip backwards in media playback contexts.
90 Fast Forward KEYCODE_MEDIA_FAST_FORWARD Fast Forward or skip ahead in media playback contexts.

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