Skip to main content

Selenium with Serenity

Your guide to run Selenium Webdriver tests with Serenity on BrowserStack.

Note: Code samples in this guide can be found in the serenity-browserstack repo in GitHub.

Introduction

BrowserStack gives you instant access to our Selenium Grid of 3000+ real devices and desktop browsers. Running your Selenium tests with Serenity on BrowserStack is simple. This guide will help you:

  1. Run your first test
  2. Understand your tests with BrowserStack
  3. Integrate your tests with BrowserStack
  4. Mark tests as passed or failed
  5. Debug your app

Prerequisites

  • You need to have BrowserStack Username and Access key, which you can find in your account settings. If you have not created an account yet, you can sign up for a Free Trial or purchase a plan.
  • Maven is installed on your machine, Maven environment variables are set, and Maven bin is added to the system path $PATH. Check out the official website to download the latest version of Maven.
  • Git is installed on your machine.

Run your first test

Protip: Selenium 4 is now supported on BrowserStack. To use the Selenium 4 client bindings, modify your existing test scripts as follows:
  • Edit or add capabilities in the W3C format using our W3C capability generator.
  • Add the seleniumVersion capability in your test script and set the value to 4.0.0.

To run Selenium tests with Serenity on BrowserStack Automate, follow the below steps:

  1. Clone the serenity-browserstack repository using the following command:

     git clone https://github.com/browserstack/serenity-browserstack.git
     cd serenity-browserstack
    
  2. Verify that the following Serenity libraries are included in the pom.xml of the cloned repository:
    pom.xml
     <dependency>
         <groupId>net.serenity-bdd</groupId>
         <artifactId>serenity-core</artifactId>
         <version>3.2.1</version>
     </dependency>
    
  3. Run the following command to install the dependencies:

     mvn install
    
  4. Set your BrowserStack Username and Access Key in the serenity.properties file, inside the serenity-browserstack directory, as follows:

    This file also contains the capabilities that define the browsers to run the test.

    serenity-browserstack/serenity.properties
     webdriver.driver = provided
     webdriver.provided.type = mydriver
     webdriver.provided.mydriver = com.browserstack.BrowserStackSerenityDriver
     serenity.driver.capabilities = mydriver
    
     webdriver.timeouts.implicitlywait = 5000
     serenity.use.unique.browser = false
     serenity.dry.run=false
     serenity.take.screenshots=AFTER_EACH_STEP
    
     browserstack.user=YOUR_USERNAME
     browserstack.key=YOUR_ACCESS_KEY
     browserstack.server=hub.browserstack.com
    
     #You can add any capability with a prefix 'bstack_' as below
     #For example to use browserstack.console as verbose use below capability
     bstack_build=browserstack-build-1
     bstack_debug=true
     bstack_browserstack.console=verbose
    
     #You can add any capability with a prefix 'environment.{environment}.' as below
     #For example to use browser_version as 68 use below capability
     #Check valid capabilities here - https://www.browserstack.com/automate/capabilities
     environment.single.name=serenity_single_test
     environment.single.browser=chrome
     # environment.single.browser_version=68
    
     environment.local.name=serenity_local_test
     environment.local.browser=chrome
     environment.local.browserstack.local=true
    
     environment.parallel_1.name=serenity_parallel_test
     environment.parallel_1.browser=chrome
    
     environment.parallel_2.name=serenity_parallel_test
     environment.parallel_2.browser=firefox
    
     environment.parallel_3.name=serenity_parallel_test
     environment.parallel_3.browser=safari
     # Similarly, other custom capabilities can be added for other environments also
    
  5. Verify the parallel test cases are written for running in parallel with Serenity within serenity-browserstack/src/test/java/com/browserstack/cucumber/ directory. The following files for each environment already exist in the sample repository.
    ParallelChromeTest.java
     @RunWith(CucumberWithSerenity.class)
     @CucumberOptions(features="src/test/resources/features/single.feature")
     public class ParallelChromeTest extends BrowserStackSerenityTest { }
    
    ParallelFirefoxTest.java
     @RunWith(CucumberWithSerenity.class)
     @CucumberOptions(features="src/test/resources/features/single.feature")
     public class ParallelFirefoxTest extends BrowserStackSerenityTest { }
    
  6. Run your first test using the following command::

      mvn verify -P parallel
    
  7. Navigate to your Automate Dashboard and view the tests running in parallel on multiple browsers.
Protip:
  • You can use our capability builder and select from a wide range of custom capabilities that BrowserStack supports.
  • You have to pre-pend bstack_ with any capability that you choose and enter it in your serenity.properties file.

Understand the details of your test

When you run the mvn verify -P parallel command, the test case written in the single.feature file is executed on several browsers, namely Chrome, Firefox, and Safari.

When the test is triggered, it:

  • Opens the bstackdemo.com website.
  • Adds a product to the cart.
  • Verifies whether the product is added to the cart.
  • Marks the test as passed or failed based on whether the product is available in the cart.
serenity-browserstack/src/test/resources/features/single.feature
Feature: BrowserStack Demo

    Scenario: Add product to cart
        Given I am on the website 'https://www.bstackdemo.com'
        When I select a product and click on 'Add to cart' button
        Then the product should be added to cart

The BStackDemoPage.java file inside the /src/test/java/com/browserstack/cucumber/pages directory defines the test functions. These test functions are used in the test script file.

serenity-browserstack/src/test/java/com/browserstack/cucumber/pages/BStackDemoPage.java
@DefaultUrl("https://www.bstackdemo.com")
public class BStackDemoPage extends PageObject {

    private String selectedProductName;

    public BStackDemoPage() {
        this.selectedProductName = "";
    }

    @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id=\"1\"]/p")
    WebElementFacade firstProductName;

    @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id=\"1\"]/div[4]")
    WebElementFacade firstProductAddToCartButton;

    @FindBy(css = ".float-cart__content")
    WebElementFacade cartPane;

    @FindBy(xpath = "//*[@id=\"__next\"]/div/div/div[2]/div[2]/div[2]/div/div[3]/p[1]")
    WebElementFacade productCartText;

    public void setSelectedProductName(String selectedProductName) {
        this.selectedProductName = selectedProductName;
    }

    public String getSelectedProductName() {
        return selectedProductName;
    }

    public void selectFirstProductName() {
        String firstProduct = firstProductName.getText();
        setSelectedProductName(firstProduct);
    }

    public void clickAddToCartButton() {
        firstProductAddToCartButton.click();
    }

    public void waitForCartToOpen() {
        element(cartPane).waitUntilVisible();
    }

    public String getProductCartText() {
        return productCartText.getText();
    }
}

The BStackDemoSteps.java file inside the /src/test/java/com/browserstack/cucumber/steps/ directory defines the test script. It uses the functions defined in the BStackDemoPage.java file.

serenity-browserstack/src/test/java/com/browserstack/cucumber/steps/BStackDemoSteps.java

import com.browserstack.cucumber.pages.BStackDemoPage;

public class BStackDemoSteps {
    BStackDemoPage demoPage;

    @Given("^I am on the website '(.+)'$")
    public void I_am_on_the_website(String url) throws Throwable {
        demoPage.open();
        Thread.sleep(2000);
    }

    @When("^I select a product and click on 'Add to cart' button")
    public void I_select_a_product_and_add_to_cart() throws Throwable {
        demoPage.selectFirstProductName();
        demoPage.clickAddToCartButton();
        Thread.sleep(2000);
    }

    @Then("the product should be added to cart")
    public void product_should_be_added_to_cart() {
        demoPage.waitForCartToOpen();
        assertEquals(demoPage.getSelectedProductName(), demoPage.getProductCartText());
    }
}

Integrate your tests with BrowserStack

Your Serenity test case has been integrated to run on BrowserStack using the snippet shown below. A class has been defined which contains the methods to configure and create the connection with BrowserStack. You can find the script in the Serenity BrowserStack sample repository. The module reads from serenity.properties file where you need to put the BrowserStack Hub URL and credentials.

BrowserStackSerenityTest.java
package com.browserstack;

import com.browserstack.local.Local;

import java.util.Map;
import java.util.HashMap;

import org.junit.BeforeClass;
import org.junit.AfterClass;

import net.thucydides.core.util.EnvironmentVariables;
import net.thucydides.core.util.SystemEnvironmentVariables;

public class BrowserStackSerenityTest {
    static Local bsLocal;

    @BeforeClass
    public static void setUp() throws Exception {
        EnvironmentVariables environmentVariables = SystemEnvironmentVariables.createEnvironmentVariables();

        String accessKey = System.getenv("BROWSERSTACK_ACCESS_KEY");
        if (accessKey == null) {
            accessKey = (String) environmentVariables.getProperty("browserstack.key");
        }

        String environment = System.getProperty("environment");
        String key = "bstack_browserstack.local";
        boolean is_local = environmentVariables.getProperty(key) != null
                && environmentVariables.getProperty(key).equals("true");

        if (environment != null && !is_local) {
            key = "environment." + environment + ".browserstack.local";
            is_local = environmentVariables.getProperty(key) != null
                    && environmentVariables.getProperty(key).equals("true");
        }

        if (is_local) {
            bsLocal = new Local();
            Map<String, String> bsLocalArgs = new HashMap<String, String>();
            bsLocalArgs.put("key", accessKey);
            bsLocal.start(bsLocalArgs);
        }
    }

    @AfterClass
    public static void tearDown() throws Exception {
        if (bsLocal != null) {
            bsLocal.stop();
        }
    }
}
Note: You can also set the environment variables BROWSERSTACK_USERNAME and BROWSERSTACK_ACCESS_KEY with your credentials and they would be read by the file above.

Mark tests as passed or failed

BrowserStack provides a comprehensive REST API to access and update information about your tests. Shown below is a sample code snippet which allows you to mark your tests as pass or fail based on the assertions in your Serenity test cases.

// Mark test as pass / fail

public static void mark() throws URISyntaxException, UnsupportedEncodingException, IOException {
  URI uri = new URI("https://YOUR_USERNAME:YOUR_ACCESS_KEY@api.browserstack.com/automate/sessions/<session-id>.json");
  HttpPut putRequest = new HttpPut(uri);

  ArrayList<NameValuePair> nameValuePairs = new ArrayList<NameValuePair>();
  nameValuePairs.add((new BasicNameValuePair("status", "<passed/failed>")));
  nameValuePairs.add((new BasicNameValuePair("reason", "The string reason for pass/fail goes here")));
  putRequest.setEntity(new UrlEncodedFormEntity(nameValuePairs));

  HttpClientBuilder.create().build().execute(putRequest);
}

You can find the full reference to our REST API.

Debug your app

BrowserStack provides a range of debugging tools to help you quickly identify and fix bugs you discover through your automated tests.

Text Logs

Text Logs are a comprehensive record of your test. They are used to identify all the steps executed in the test and troubleshoot errors for the failed step. Text Logs are accessible from the Automate dashboard or via our REST API.

Visual Logs

Visual Logs automatically capture the screenshots generated at every Selenium command run through your Serenity tests. Visual logs help with debugging the exact step and the page where failure occurred. They also help identify any layout or design related issues with your web pages on different browsers.

Visual Logs are disabled by default. In order to enable Visual Logs you will need to set browserstack.debug capability to true in your serenity.properties file:

bstack_browserstack.debug=true

Sample Visual Logs from Automate Dashboard: BrowserStack Automate Visual Logs

Video Recording

Every test run on the BrowserStack Selenium grid is recorded exactly as it is executed on our remote machine. This feature is particularly helpful whenever a browser test fails. You can access videos from Automate Dashboard for each session. You can also download the videos from the Dashboard or retrieve a link to download the video using our REST API.

Note: Video recording increases test execution time slightly. You can disable this feature by setting the browserstack.video capability to false.
# set this in your serenity.properties file
bstack_browserstack.video = false

In addition to these logs BrowserStack also provides Raw logs, Network logs, Console logs, Selenium logs, Appium logs and Interactive session. You can find the complete details to enable all the debugging options

Next steps

Once you have successfully run your first test on BrowserStack, you might want to do one of the following:

We're sorry to hear that. Please share your feedback so we can do better

Contact our Support team for immediate help while we work on improving our docs.

We're continuously improving our docs. We'd love to know what you liked






Thank you for your valuable feedback

Is this page helping you?

Yes
No

We're sorry to hear that. Please share your feedback so we can do better

Contact our Support team for immediate help while we work on improving our docs.

We're continuously improving our docs. We'd love to know what you liked






Thank you for your valuable feedback!

Talk to an Expert
Talk to an Expert