Skip to main content

Selenium with XUnit

Your guide to run Selenium Webdriver tests with XUnit on BrowserStack.

Important: Sample test scripts are available in the xunit-browserstack repository.

The sample test script in this section is compatible with W3C-based client bindings. Check out our JSON wire protocol-based scripts in the selenium-3 branch of the repository.

Introduction

BrowserStack gives you instant access to our Selenium Grid of 3000+ real devices and desktop browsers. Running your Selenium tests with XUnit on BrowserStack is quick. This guide will help you to:

  1. Run your first test
  2. Integrate your tests with BrowserStack
  3. Mark tests as passed or failed
  4. Debug your app

Prerequisites

Run your first test

To run Selenium tests with XUnit on BrowserStack Automate, complete the following steps:

  1. Clone the xunit-browserstack repository on GitHub with BrowserStack’s sample test, using the following command:

     git clone https://github.com/browserstack/xunit-browserstack.git
    
  2. Open the solution XUnit-BrowserStack.sln in Visual Studio.

  3. Set your BrowserStack Username and Access Key in the config.json file in the xunit-browserstack/XUnit-BrowserStack/ directory.

     {
         "server": "hub.browserstack.com",
         "user": "YOUR_USERNAME",
         "key": "YOUR_ACCESS_KEY",
    
         "capabilities": {
             "bstack:options": {
             "buildName": "xunit-browserstack",
             "sessionName": "test",
             "debug": "true"
             }
         },
    
         "environments": [
             {
             "browserName": "chrome"
             },
             {
             "browserName": "firefox"
             },
             {
             "browserName": "safari"
             }
         ],
    
         "localOptions": {
             "forceLocal": true
         }
         }
    
  4. Run your first test on BrowserStack using the following command:
         dotnet test --filter "profile=parallel"
    
  5. View your test results on the BrowserStack Automate dashboard.
Protip: You can use our capability builder and select from a wide range of custom capabilities that BrowserStack supports.

Details of your first test

The following code is the sample XUnit test case that you ran. The test opens the bstackdemo.com website, adds a product to the cart, and verifies whether the product is added to the cart.

xunit-browserstack/XUnit-BrowserStack/ParallelTest.cs
using Xunit;
using OpenQA.Selenium;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Remote;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Support.UI;

namespace XUnit_BrowserStack
{
    public abstract class ParallelBaseTest
    {
        private readonly BaseFixture baseFixture;

        public ParallelBaseTest(BaseFixture baseFixture)
        {
            this.baseFixture = baseFixture;
        }

        public void BaseTest(string platform)
        {
            try
            {
                RemoteWebDriver driver = baseFixture.GetDriver(platform, "parallel");
                WebDriverWait webDriverWait = new WebDriverWait(driver, TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(2000));
                driver.Manage().Window.Maximize();
                driver.Navigate().GoToUrl("https://bstackdemo.com/");
                Assert.Equal("StackDemo", driver.Title);

                string productOnPageText = webDriverWait.Until(driver => driver.FindElement(By.XPath("//*[@id=\"1\"]/p"))).Text;

                webDriverWait.Until(driver => driver.FindElement(By.XPath("//*[@id=\"1\"]/div[4]"))).Click();
                bool cartOpened = webDriverWait.Until(driver => driver.FindElement(By.XPath("//*[@class=\"float-cart__content\"]"))).Enabled;
                Assert.True(cartOpened);
                string productOnCartText = webDriverWait.Until(driver => driver.FindElement(By.XPath("//*[@id=\"__next\"]/div/div/div[2]/div[2]/div[2]/div/div[3]/p[1]"))).Text;
                Assert.Equal(productOnCartText, productOnPageText);
                baseFixture.SetStatus(cartOpened && productOnCartText.Equals(productOnPageText));
            }
            catch (Exception)
            {
                baseFixture.SetStatus(false);
                throw;
            }
        }
    }

    public class ChromeTest : ParallelBaseTest, IClassFixture<BaseFixture>
    {
        public ChromeTest(BaseFixture baseFixture): base(baseFixture) { }

        [Fact]
        [Trait("profile", "parallel")]
        public void Test()
        {
            BaseTest("chrome");
        }
    }

    public class FirefoxTest : ParallelBaseTest, IClassFixture<BaseFixture>
    {
        public FirefoxTest(BaseFixture baseFixture) : base(baseFixture) { }

        [Fact]
        [Trait("profile", "parallel")]
        public void Test()
        {
            BaseTest("firefox");
        }
    }

    public class SafariTest : ParallelBaseTest, IClassFixture<BaseFixture>
    {
        public SafariTest(BaseFixture baseFixture) : base(baseFixture) { }

        [Fact]
        [Trait("profile", "parallel")]
        public void Test()
        {
            BaseTest("safari");
        }
    }

}

Integrate your tests with BrowserStack

BrowserStack is integrated with your test using the BaseFixture.cs file, which contains the methods to configure and create the connection with BrowserStack as follows:

xunit-browserstack/XUnit-BrowserStack/BaseFixture.cs
using OpenQA.Selenium.Remote;
using Newtonsoft.Json.Linq;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Remote;
using OpenQA.Selenium;
using BrowserStack;

namespace XUnit_BrowserStack
{
    public class BaseFixture : IDisposable
    {

        private RemoteWebDriver? WebDriver;
        private Local? browserStackLocal;


        public RemoteWebDriver GetDriver(string platform, string profile)
        {
            // Get Configuration for correct profile
            string currentDirectory = Directory.GetCurrentDirectory();
            string path = Path.Combine(currentDirectory, "config.json");
            JObject config = JObject.Parse(File.ReadAllText(path));
            if (config is null)
                throw new Exception("Configuration not found!");

            // Get Platform specific capabilities
            JObject capabilities = config.GetValue("environments").Where(x => x is JObject y && x["browserName"].ToString().Equals(platform)).ToList()[0] as JObject;

            // Get Common Capabilities
            JObject commonCapabilities = config.GetValue("capabilities") as JObject;

            // Merge Capabilities
            capabilities.Merge(commonCapabilities);

            JObject bstackOptions = capabilities["bstack:options"] as JObject;

            // Get username and accesskey
            string? username = Environment.GetEnvironmentVariable("BROWSERSTACK_USERNAME");
            if (username is null)
                username = config.GetValue("user").ToString();

            string? accessKey = Environment.GetEnvironmentVariable("BROWSERSTACK_ACCESS_KEY");
            if (accessKey is null)
                accessKey = config.GetValue("key").ToString();

            bstackOptions["userName"] = username;
            bstackOptions["accessKey"] = accessKey;

            // Add session name
            bstackOptions["sessionName"] = $"{profile}_test";

            // Start Local if browserstack.local is set to true
            if (profile.Equals("local") && accessKey is not null)
            {
                bstackOptions["local"] = true;
                browserStackLocal = new Local();
                List<KeyValuePair<string, string>> bsLocalArgs = new List<KeyValuePair<string, string>>() {
                    new KeyValuePair<string, string>("key", accessKey)
                };
                foreach (var localOption in config.GetValue("localOptions") as JObject)
                {
                    if (localOption.Value is not null)
                    {
                        bsLocalArgs.Add(new KeyValuePair<string, string>(localOption.Key, localOption.Value.ToString()));
                    }
                }
                browserStackLocal.start(bsLocalArgs);
            }

            capabilities["bstack:options"] = bstackOptions;

            // Create Desired Cappabilities for WebDriver
            DriverOptions desiredCapabilities = getBrowserOption(capabilities.GetValue("browserName").ToString());
            capabilities.Remove("browserName");
            foreach (var x in capabilities)
            {
                if (x.Key.Equals("bstack:options"))
                    desiredCapabilities.AddAdditionalOption(x.Key, x.Value.ToObject<Dictionary<string, object>>());
                else
                    desiredCapabilities.AddAdditionalOption(x.Key, x.Value);
            }

            // Create RemoteWebDriver instance
            WebDriver = new RemoteWebDriver(new Uri($"https://{config["server"]}/wd/hub"), desiredCapabilities);

            return WebDriver;
        }

        public void SetStatus(bool passed)
        {
            if(WebDriver is not null)
            {
                if (passed)
                    ((IJavaScriptExecutor)WebDriver).ExecuteScript("browserstack_executor: {\"action\": \"setSessionStatus\", \"arguments\": {\"status\":\"passed\", \"reason\": \"Test Passed!\"}}");
                else
                    ((IJavaScriptExecutor)WebDriver).ExecuteScript("browserstack_executor: {\"action\": \"setSessionStatus\", \"arguments\": {\"status\":\"failed\", \"reason\": \"Test Failed!\"}}");
            }
        }

        static DriverOptions getBrowserOption(String browser)
        {
            switch (browser)
            {
                case "chrome":
                    return new OpenQA.Selenium.Chrome.ChromeOptions();
                case "firefox":
                    return new OpenQA.Selenium.Firefox.FirefoxOptions();
                case "safari":
                    return new OpenQA.Selenium.Safari.SafariOptions();
                case "edge":
                    return new OpenQA.Selenium.Edge.EdgeOptions();
                default:
                    return new OpenQA.Selenium.Chrome.ChromeOptions();
            }
        }

        public void Dispose()
        {
            if (WebDriver is not null)
            {
                WebDriver.Quit();
                WebDriver.Dispose();
            }
            if(browserStackLocal is not null)
            {
                browserStackLocal.stop();
            }
        }
    }
}

Mark tests as passed or failed

BrowserStack provides a comprehensive REST API to access and update information about your tests. The following sample code allows you to mark your tests as passed or failed based on the assertions in your XUnit test cases.

namespace RestApi {
  class ChangeSessionStatus {
    static void Main(string[] args) {
      string reqString = "{\"status\":\"passed\", \"reason\":\"\"}";

      byte[] requestData = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(reqString);
      Uri myUri = new Uri(string.Format("https://www.browserstack.com/automate/sessions/<session-id>.json"));
      WebRequest myWebRequest = HttpWebRequest.Create(myUri);
      HttpWebRequest myHttpWebRequest = (HttpWebRequest)myWebRequest;
      myWebRequest.ContentType = "application/json";
      myWebRequest.Method = "PUT";
      myWebRequest.ContentLength = requestData.Length;
      using (Stream st = myWebRequest.GetRequestStream())st.Write(requestData, 0, requestData.Length);

      NetworkCredential myNetworkCredential = new NetworkCredential("YOUR_USERNAME", "YOUR_ACCESS_KEY");
      CredentialCache myCredentialCache = new CredentialCache();
      myCredentialCache.Add(myUri, "Basic", myNetworkCredential);
      myHttpWebRequest.PreAuthenticate = true;
      myHttpWebRequest.Credentials = myCredentialCache;

      myWebRequest.GetResponse().Close();
    }
  }
}

Check out the full reference to our REST API for more information.

Debug your app

BrowserStack provides a range of debugging tools to help you quickly identify and fix bugs you discover through your automated tests.

Text logs

Text Logs are a comprehensive record of your test. They are used to identify all the steps executed in the test and troubleshoot errors for the failed step. Text Logs are accessible from the Automate dashboard or via our REST API.

Visual logs

Visual Logs automatically capture the screenshots generated at every Selenium command run through your JUnit tests. Visual Logs help with debugging the exact step and the page where failure occurred. They also help identify any layout or design related issues with your web pages on different browsers.

Visual Logs are disabled by default. In order to enable Visual Logs you will need to set debug capability to true.

"capabilities": {
    "bstack:options": {
      "debug": "true"
    }
  },

Sample Visual Logs from Automate Dashboard: BrowserStack Automate Visual Logs

Video recording

Every test run on the BrowserStack Selenium grid is recorded exactly as it is executed on our remote machine. This feature is particularly helpful whenever a browser test fails. You can access videos from Automate Dashboard for each session. You can also download the videos from the Dashboard or retrieve a link to download the video using our REST API.

Note: Video recording increases test execution time slightly. You can disable this feature by setting the browserstack.video capability to false.
"capabilities": {
    "bstack:options": {
      "video": "false"
    }
  },

In addition to these logs BrowserStack also provides Raw Logs, Network Logs, Console Logs, Selenium Logs, Appium Logs and Interactive session. You can find the complete details to enable all the debugging options.

Next steps

Once you have successfully run your first test on BrowserStack, you might want to do one of the following:

We're sorry to hear that. Please share your feedback so we can do better

Contact our Support team for immediate help while we work on improving our docs.

We're continuously improving our docs. We'd love to know what you liked






Thank you for your valuable feedback

Is this page helping you?

Yes
No

We're sorry to hear that. Please share your feedback so we can do better

Contact our Support team for immediate help while we work on improving our docs.

We're continuously improving our docs. We'd love to know what you liked






Thank you for your valuable feedback!

Talk to an Expert
Download Copy