What are the different types of Software Engineer Roles?
By Shubham Singh, Software Engineer at BrowserStack - December 22, 2022
Types of Software Engineers
The software engineering field is vast, with different roles based on the complexity of the application. Accordingly, engineering functions have different types of software engineers in their teams. Some of the most popular types of software engineer roles are:
- Front-End Engineer
- Back-End Engineer
- Full Stack Engineer
- Software Engineer in Test (QA Engineer)
- Software Development Engineer in Test (SDET)
- DevOps Engineer
- Security Engineer
- Data Engineer
- Cloud Architect
1. Front-End Engineer
A software engineer who specializes in the development of the user interface (UI) is called a front-end engineer. The user interfaces include visual elements like layouts and aesthetics. Front-end engineers deal with cross browser compatibility and fixing bugs to ensure an excellent visual presentation of the UI. Thus, they work with the code that runs on different user devices, browsers, and operating systems. Developing a responsive application also comes under this.
2. Back-End Engineer
A software engineer who specializes in the underlying logic and performance of the application is called a back-end engineer. They often design and implement the core logic, keeping in mind scalability. They do this by integrating with data systems, caches, email systems using Application Programming Interfaces (APIs).
3. Full Stack Engineer
A software engineer who can handle both front-end and back-end work is called a full-stack engineer. They have the skills required to create a fully functional web application.
4. Software Engineer in Test (QA Engineer)
A software engineer who is responsible for writing software to validate the quality of the application is called a QA engineer. QA engineers create test plans, manual tests, automated tests using tools and frameworks to make sure that products and processes run as expected. They create test summary report, bug reports, and take care of defect management to ensure that the end user gets a seamless user experience.
5. Software Development Engineer in Test (SDET)
While SDET if often confused with the QA Engineer or Software Engineer in Test, and sometimes even used interchangeably, SDET is an overlap of Development and Testing. SDETs are developers who are well-equipped with testing skills and are responsible for testing along with Development.
6. DevOps Engineer
Software engineers who are familiar with the technologies required for the development of systems to build, deploy, integrate and administer back-end software and distributed systems are called DevOps engineers. They mostly manage the application infrastructure, i.e., the database systems, servers, etc.
7. Security Engineer
A software engineer who specializes in creating systems, methods, and procedures to test the security of a software system and exploit and fix security flaws is called a security engineer. This type of developer often works as a “white-hat” ethical hacker and attempts to penetrate systems to discover vulnerabilities.
8. Data Engineer
Data Engineers handle operations like ETL, Data Warehousing, Database management, and Data Mining, to name a few. They help the developer and test engineers with the data infrastructure that is used to ensure the smooth functioning of the application.
9. Cloud Architect
With the applications and platforms moving into the cloud servers, Cloud Architects play a pivotal role in managing the cloud-based infrastructure and its operations. From Cloud Management and Migration to Monitoring, Cloud Architects take care of everything.
Many other types of software engineer roles exist in different engineering functions. Ultimately, they all work towards providing a seamless user experience for their application.