App & Browser Testing Made Easy

Give your users a seamless experience by testing on 3000+ real devices and browsers. Don't compromise with emulators and simulators

Home Guide A complete guide on Maven Lifecycle

A complete guide on Maven Lifecycle

By Hamid Akhtar, Community Contributor -

Maven is like a project manager for software development. Imagine you’re leading a team to build a house. Maven would be the one who ensures everything runs smoothly. 

It organizes the project’s structure, tracks dependencies (like materials and tools), and handles the build process.

Just as a project manager coordinates tasks and resources, Maven coordinates the compilation, testing, and packaging of your code. It saves time by automatically resolving dependencies from repositories, just like ordering supplies from trusted vendors. 

With Maven, developers can focus on coding, knowing that the project’s management is taken care of, like a reliable project manager for your software projects.

What is Maven Lifecycle

This is a query frequently posed in the field of software development. Maven is fundamentally structured around the concept of a build lifecycle. Here is the list that will explain everything about the maven life cycle:

  • Maven is built around the concept of a build lifecycle, which defines the order of execution for goals.
  • The default Maven lifecycle consists of 8 major phases: Validate, Compile, Test, Package, Integration Test, Verify, Install, and Deploy.
  • Each phase represents a specific step in the build process and has its own set of goals to be executed.
  • For example, the Compile phase compiles the source code, the Test phase runs unit tests, and the Package phase creates a distributable artifact.
  • Maven follows a sequential order, where executing a specific phase also triggers the preceding phases.
  • Goals in Maven represent granular tasks and are packaged in plugins.
  • Plugins contain one or more goals and contribute to the creation and management of the project.
  • The Maven build lifecycle includes three built-in lifecycles: default, clean, and site.
  • The default lifecycle handles the regular build process, the clean life cycle removes generated artifacts, and the site life cycle generates project documentation and reports.

Overall, the Maven lifecycle provides a structured and standardized approach to building and managing projects, ensuring consistent and reliable results.

Phases of Maven Lifecycle

Maven-Life-CycleSource: EduCBA

Maven Clean Lifecycle:

1. The Maven clean lifecycle consists of the following phases:

  • pre-clean
  • clean
  • Post-clean

2. By using the Clean phase (mvn clean), you ensure a clean and consistent build environment. It removes previously generated artifacts, reducing the risk of conflicts or outdated files.

3. Ensures that subsequent builds start from a clean state, minimizing potential build errors. Provides a fresh workspace for developers, leading to improved productivity and reliability.

Maven Build Lifecycle:

1. The Maven build lifecycle consists of the following phases:

  • validate
  • compile
  • test
  • package
  • verify
  • install
  • deploy

2. The Build phase (mvn compile, mvn test, mvn package, etc.) automates the compilation, testing, and packaging processes.

3. It ensures consistent and reliable builds across different test environments.

4. Maven’s dependency management handles the resolution and integration of external libraries, simplifying the development process.

5. Build reports and test results provide valuable insights into the project’s health and code quality.

Maven Site Lifecycle:

1. The Maven site lifecycle consists of the following phases:

  • pre-site
  • site
  • post-site
  • site-deploy

2. The site phase (mvn site) generates comprehensive project documentation, reports, and metrics. It facilitates better understanding and collaboration among team members.

3. API documentation and code metrics help maintain code quality and adhere to best practices. Detailed reports, such as test coverage, facilitate effective testing and quality assurance.

Understanding Maven Goals and Plugins

In Maven, goals and plugins play a crucial role in executing specific tasks and extending the functionality of the build process.

Maven Goals:

  • Goals are specific tasks that Maven can perform during the build lifecycle.
  • Each phase of the lifecycle is associated with one or more goals.
  • Maven provides default goals for each phase, but you can also define custom goals.
  • Goals can be executed from the command line using the mvn command followed by the goal name.
  • Examples of common Maven goals include compile, test, package, and install.

Maven Plugins:

  • Plugins are the building blocks of Maven’s functionality.
  • They provide implementations for various goals and can be used to extend the build process.
  • Maven has a vast ecosystem of plugins that cover a wide range of tasks and integrations.
  • Plugins can be configured in the project’s POM file, specifying the desired version and any custom configurations.
  • Maven resolves and downloads plugins from remote repositories when needed.
  • Examples of popular Maven plugins include the Maven Compiler Plugin, Surefire Plugin for testing, and the Maven Assembly Plugin for creating custom distributions.

Benefits of Goals and Plugins:

  • Goals allow you to perform specific tasks within the build lifecycle, such as compiling code, running tests, packaging the project, or generating reports.
  • Plugins provide additional functionality by implementing these goals and extending Maven’s capabilities.
  • They help automate complex tasks, manage dependencies, generate documentation, and integrate with external tools.
  • Goals and plugins ensure consistency across projects and facilitate collaboration by providing a standardized approach to building and managing projects.

In summary, Maven goals represent specific tasks within the build lifecycle, and plugins provide the implementations for those tasks. 

Together, they allow you to automate various aspects of the build process, extend functionality, and achieve efficient and reliable project builds.

Setting up a Maven project

Step 1: Install Java JDK

Install Java (JDK 1.7 or higher) on your machine. Java serves as the backbone for Maven, providing the necessary environment to bring your projects to life.

Step 2: Download Maven

Head over to the official Apache Maven website. Download the Maven binary zip file, unbox it, and let Maven dazzle you with its capabilities.

Step 3: Configure Maven’s Path

Set up the MAVEN_HOME environment variable, pointing it to Maven’s bin folder. This helps set up seamless communication between your system and Maven.

Step 4: Check if Maven is Installed properly

Know whether your Maven is installed correctly by checking its version. Open the command prompt, type the below command to know the version of Maven installed.

mvn -version

Step 5: Create a new Maven Project

Create a new project in Maven with the below command.

mvn archetype:generate

Maven will create a structure for your project.

Step 6: Add Maven Dependencies

To enrich your project’s capabilities, add dependencies to your project’s pom.xml file.

Step 7: Create a Maven Project

Maven will compile, test, and package your project using the below command. 

mvn install

This command will build the Maven project and installs the project files ( JAR , WAR , pom. xml , etc.) to the local repository.

Launch your project after you complete the build.

Maven sets the stage for a smooth, organized, and efficient project management experience. Embrace its simplicity, and let Maven revolutionize your development journey.

Maven exhibits different capabilities, from managing JARs and dependencies to automating Selenium Java project lifecycles. Understand the intricacies of transitive dependencies and how Maven simplifies their management.

Experience accelerated UI testing with BrowserStack Automate, supporting 3000+ browser/device combinations.

Seamlessly integrate with popular frameworks like Selenium, Cypress, and Nightwatch.js for efficient cross-platform testing. Leverage massive parallelization in the reliable cloud to catch bugs early, ensuring rapid and confident software releases.

In a significant leap for tech testing, BrowserStack Automate now enables tests on over 3000 real devices and browsers, enhancing accuracy by mimicking real user conditions.

BrowserStack Live Automate

Additionally, it introduces parallel testing, drastically reducing execution time. This can be achieved using tools like Selenium Grid, Robot Framework, or BrowserStack itself, marking a major advancement in efficient and comprehensive technology testing.

Try BrowserStack for Free

Closing Notes

Maven is widely used by prominent companies worldwide to streamline their software development processes. Companies like Apache Software Foundation, Google, Netflix, Twitter, LinkedIn, and PayPal rely on Maven for efficient build automation and dependency management.

Maven’s widespread adoption by these companies is a testament to its effectiveness in ensuring reliable and scalable software development. By leveraging Maven’s capabilities, these companies can manage dependencies, automate builds, and deliver high-quality software more efficiently.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  • What are Maven builds?

Maven builds are the processes in which Maven compiles source code, runs tests, and packages the application.

  • What is the difference between Maven build and install?

In Maven, the build phase compiles and packages the application, while the install phase installs the built artifact into the local repository for use as a dependency in other projects.

Automation Testing DevOps

Featured Articles

Maven Dependency Management with Selenium

What is Maven in Java? (Framework and Uses)

Curated for all your Testing Needs

Actionable Insights, Tips, & Tutorials delivered in your Inbox
By subscribing , you agree to our Privacy Policy.
thank you illustration

Thank you for Subscribing!

Expect a curated list of guides shortly.