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Quality Assurance vs Testing

By Somosree Roy, Community Contributor -

The SDLC would be complete in the software industry with quality assurance (QA) & testing. They are essential in ensuring that finished software is up to par in terms of quality, functionality, dependability, & performance. 

  • QA involves a methodical procedure of monitoring and reviewing several facets of software development to find and fix bugs and other deviations from specifications. Requirement analysis, test preparation, execution of tests, defect tracking, & report writing are all a part of this. First and foremost, QA works to eliminate bugs and guarantee that the final product satisfies all quality standards.
  • As an aspect of QA, testing ensures that software operates as expected through predefined test cases & scenarios. It is the process of running software to detect problems like bugs or unusual behavior. Each testing stage—from unit to integration to the system to user acceptance—contributes something distinct to the verification process.

Quality assurance and testing are crucial because they guarantee that a product will perform as expected in various conditions. Quality assurance (QA) & testing help save time and money and improve the user experience by finding and fixing bugs earlier in the development cycle. 

What is Quality Assurance and Testing? 

  • Quality assurance (QA) systematically checks and rechecks a product’s quality to ensure it lives up to its stated promises. 
  • Software testing is a portion of quality assurance that comprises running the program to check for flaws and malfunctions and also to see if it performs as anticipated.

Is Quality Assurance and Testing the same?

No, QA & testing aren’t the same, but they go together. 

  • “Quality Assurance” refers to the larger process of tracking and evaluating software development to ensure it fulfills predetermined quality criteria. Requirement analysis, test organizing, defect tracking, & report writing are all part of quality assurance. Quality assurance aims to eliminate bugs and guarantee that the product will perform as expected.
  • Conversely, testing is a specific type of quality assurance.  The goal of testing is to verify that the code works as expected.

Software testing is a subset of quality assurance that involves running the program and checking its behavior and features in a controlled environment. Unit testing, integration testing, system testing, & user acceptance testing are only a few of the tests used in the testing process, which aims to find and fix mistakes, problems, & unexpected behavior.

Does Quality Assurance include Testing?

Yes, Quality Assurance (QA) does consist of testing.

Executing testing procedures & scenarios is a common QA activity for finding bugs and other issues with the product. Testing for units, integration testing, testing of systems, & user acceptability testing are just a few examples. Testing aims to verify the software meets its criteria and performs as expected.

The QA ProcessSource

Understanding the Differences

To maintain clarity & effectiveness in software development procedures, it is crucial to grasp the distinctions between quality assurance (QA) & testing. Here are some of the reasons why:


  • When it comes to the creation and upkeep of a product, quality assurance (QA) is all about making sure everything goes according to plan. 
  • However, testing is a subset of QA that analyzes the product to find flaws and guarantee its usability, dependability, and performance. 


  • Quality Assurance aims to create and sustain a system for quality management that reliably produces high-quality output. 
  • Meanwhile, testing aims to find and fix code or finished product bugs. Its major purpose is to guarantee that the final product works as intended and satisfies every requirement. 


All phases of the software development process incorporate quality assurance procedures. 

However, testing often occurs in several testing phases following the development process. 

Functions & Duties

Understanding the differences can clarify the functions of quality assurance and testing groups. The quality assurance team’s main concern is the overall integrity of the software. On the other hand, teams dedicated to testing are only concerned with running test cases & discovering bugs. Defining these responsibilities explicitly helps eliminate ambiguity and cover all bases regarding quality.

Global Quality Management

Recognizing the distinctions aids in implementing a holistic quality management strategy. “quality assurance” (QA) refers to more than only the testing phase of a project’s development cycle. By understanding these variations, businesses can build thorough QA methods that address all facets of quality & cut down on defects.

Planning Tests Efficiently

Having distinct categories allows for more efficient test planning. Quality assurance teams can determine which testing methods, depths, and varieties are necessary for a project. Organizations can save time, money, & effort by prioritizing and scheduling tests by the QA goals.

Improved Teamwork

Better communication and cooperation between QA & testing teams result from a shared understanding of the difference between quality assurance and testing. Teams can better collaborate and achieve their goals when they individually know their part and how they fit into the bigger picture of quality. Working together enhances dialogue, information sharing, and the final product’s quality.

What is Quality Assurance (QA)?

Quality Assurance (QA) is a methodical process for ensuring a product is up to par in terms of its features, performance, and reliability. Defect prevention and quality assurance are at the heart of this process, which spans the whole software development cycle. 

Purpose of QA

  • Finding and fixing problems before they become major ones and avoiding hazards at the outset of production.
  • Creating and enforcing processes, procedures, and strategies to ensure high quality.
  • Maintaining conformity with established norms and policies in the field.
  • Enhancing the efficacy and productivity of the software creation cycle.

Characteristics of QA

  • Preventative rather than corrective strategy: QA looks to eliminate problems before they arise.
  • Quality assurance (QA) is process-oriented, which means it places a premium on setting up reliable systems and practices to guarantee uniform quality.
  • QA takes a 360° view of the software development lifecycle, focusing on quality at every stage.
  • To produce higher-quality results, QA promotes constant evaluation and refinement of procedures. 

Quality Assurance vs Testing


  • Reduces the potential for problems in the finished product through early fault discovery and prevention.
  • Customers are happier now that they have received the high-quality software they expected.
  • Improved stability and efficiency of software applications.
  • Efficient utilization of resources through early problem detection and resolution.
  • Adherence to established norms and policies within one’s field; fulfilling one’s ethical and legal responsibilities. 


  • Quality assurance cannot provide a perfect product; at best, it can only lessen the likelihood of errors.
  • Time and money spent on quality assurance rise with project complexity.
  • Standardized procedures can be helpful but may restrict your capacity to respond creatively to new situations.

Top Skills of a QA Manager

  • Expertise in quality assurance theory, practice, and practice.
  • Ability to effectively organize tests, create test cases, and run those tests.
  • Ability to quickly diagnose and resolve quality concerns through rigorous analysis and problem-solving skills.
  • Able to effectively communicate and lead quality assurance teams.
  • Careful planning and execution are essential for successful testing and regulatory conformance.
  • Familiarity with the rules and requirements of the software business.
  • Proficiency with test automation frameworks as well as test management technologies.
  • Constantly expanding one’s knowledge and familiarity with contemporary techniques and tools for quality assurance.

A firm’s ability to establish efficient QA methods, guarantee the high quality of its software, and satisfy its clients depends on its personnel’s familiarity with these distinctions.

What is Testing?

Testing aims to find and fix flaws in a program by running it repeatedly until it acts unexpectedly. It entails testing the software to ensure it works as intended and lives up to the standards of quality set out.

Purpose of Software Testing

The basic goal of software testing is to boost confidence in the safety & dependability of finished software. Here are some of software testing’s most important goals:

  • Through testing, we can find and fix bugs in the program before releasing it to the public.
  • Testing aims to ensure that the final product is bug-free and capable of performing as expected. It guarantees that the program always and reliably operates as intended.
  • Testing evaluates how well the software holds up under various circumstances by simulating real-world scenarios, such as heavy load times or resource constraints.  It guarantees the software’s high efficiency and adherence to performance standards.
  • The functionality and satisfaction of the software’s end users are the primary goals of testing. As a result, the program will be well-received by its intended audience and will function as intended.
  • Assuring the software’s dependability and stability through testing. It’s useful for finding and correcting bugs that could otherwise lead to system freezes, corrupted data, or malfunctions.


Because of its unique qualities, software testing is crucial in the software development life cycle. Important features of software testing include:

  • Software testing is an iterative procedure that changes during the SDLC. To maintain thorough protection, it can easily adjust to new requirements, designs, & developments.
  • Goals and objectives play a significant role in testing. The testing goals, such as finding bugs, validating features, and rating overall performance, guide the creation of test programs.
  • The goal of any testing effort should be to test as many possible combinations of inputs, outcomes, and environments as possible. It aims to simulate the actual use of the software to find any problems.
  • The testing process is iterative, with each round of testing building on the ones that came before. It enables incremental testing & problem fixes to ensure that program quality always rises.
  • Testers, developers, & stakeholders must all work together to ensure a successful test. Understanding requirements, fixing bugs, and coordinating testing with the project’s objectives benefit from clear and open communication.
  • Testers must record their methodology, procedures, and findings in written form. Extensive reporting facilitates the detection of bugs, the tracking of development progress, and the disclosure of software quality.
  • Testing software is essential since it guarantees the product’s quality, performance, and dependability. Its goal is to ensure that users receive high-quality software that meets their expectations by finding bugs, verifying features, and improving the user experience.


  • Through rigorous testing & debugging, we can guarantee that our software will perform as expected.
  • They aid in the detection and elimination of coding problems.
  • The quality of software or the experience for its users both benefit from thorough testing & debugging.
  • They improve the consistency and dependability of software.
  • You’ll spend less time and money if you test and debug.

It’s the era of automated testing, but manual testing isn’t a phenomenon of the past. There are loads of software and apps which demand manual testing.

Quality Assurance vs Testing

Difference between Software Testing and Quality Assurance

FactorsSoftware TestingQuality Assurance
ResponsibilitiesDedicated to finding and fixing software problemsMaintains conformance to quality requirements and standards throughout the software development lifecycle
TechniquesMethods of testing such as “unit testing,” “integration testing,” “system testing,” etc.Implementation of quality management practices includes planning, process enhancement, review, audit, & preventative measures
OutputInformation about errors, test plans, and outcomesMetrics, plans, papers, audits, & reports on process & product quality
TimeActions taken at various times during the software design lifecycle, usually after coding has finishedProcess performed repeatedly throughout creating software
EffortIt all relies on the software’s complexity & the testing needs.Planning, coordinating, and maintaining constant monitoring of quality-related tasks takes work.
CostThe whole total of what it costs to buy testing software, create a test environment, & employ testing resourcesRework costs on top of the initial quality costs of preparation, instruction, process improvements, & audits

It’s vital to remember that quality assurance comprises a wider range of activities to guarantee the general efficacy of creating software. In contrast, software testing concentrates on confirming the functioning and performance of the product itself. The difference between software testing and quality assurance is very crucial. Testing and standard assurance are equally important when delivering trustworthy and high-quality software.

Automated Visual testing with App Percy is an integral part of testing to detect any visual changes over your UI. Visual appeal is the need of the hour for any UI experience and having precise snapshots, compared against benchmarks, is a wonderful addition to your testing process.

Software Testing vs Quality Assurance: Which one to opt for?

The choice between software testing vs quality assurance should be based on the unique requirements of each project or company. The angle of Quality assurance vs testing are two separate yet interdependent processes. 

Here are what you need to think about before committing:

  • Quality assurance encompasses a wider range of tasks, such as quality planning, process enhancement, & audits. In contrast, software testing generally focuses on discovering defects & issues in the software through conducting tests. 
  • Think about what your project calls for in particular. Program testing is essential if your project calls for a comprehensive analysis of program functionality, efficiency, & reliability. 
  • Your project’s scope and level of complexity should be considered. Let’s emphasize software testing for smaller assignments with fewer resources and shorter deadlines. 

Think about the endpoints you’ve set for your company. Investing in quality assurance can be advantageous if your company wants to develop a quality culture throughout projects and continuously produce high-quality software. However, software testing may take priority if the priority is on a rapid software release and fixing any issues discovered immediately.

BrowserStack Test Management can help create, manage and track automated and manual testing. This comes bundled with real-time dashboard access and integrated workflow.

Quality Assurance vs Testing

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