What is a QA environment?
By Somosree Roy, Community Contributor - June 14, 2023
QA environments are specialized infrastructures or setups designed to support comprehensive testing, validation, & certification of software applications, systems, & products. It provides a replica of the actual deployment environment that QA teams may use to test the software’s stability, responsiveness, and other qualities before it goes live.
- Why is a QA Environment needed?
- What facilitates a seamless QA environment?
- Key components of QA environments in Software Development
- What are the different types of QA Environments?
- Challenges and Considerations
- Importance of a QA Environment
- Why opt for BrowserStack Real Device Cloud as a QA environment?
Why is a QA Environment needed?
The fundamental goal of a quality assurance (QA) environment is to separate the procedure for testing from the real-world or live environment to prevent any problems or bugs found during testing from affecting end users or disrupting business activities. To foster trustworthy software development and roll out, businesses must invest in adept QA testers.
No matter how groundbreaking your software is, unless it’s met with top-end quality testing, it will end up in annoying bugs.
- Separate from the production environment, quality assurance (QA) environments provide a controlled ecosystem where testers can modify variables, perform experiments, & execute tests without jeopardizing the system’s safety or reliability.
- The QA testing experts and developers work in unison to ensure business growth and foster immense trust among the user base.
What facilitates a seamless QA environment?
Several crucial elements often seen in a QA environment cooperate to facilitate thorough testing. Some examples of these elements are test environments, test data, test scripts, and test servers. Servers designed for running software under test (SUT) are called test servers. This allows testers to verify the application’s behavior in a realistic context that closely mimics the target production setting.
An essential aspect of a successful business is determining failure in QA workflow. It is an iterative process, and hence failures can’t be ignored. Most importantly, to expedite the QA testing, automating failure detection is imperative.
Databases used for testing typically contain sample data sets, dummy user information, and replicated production data. These databases exist independently of the production database to safeguard vital information against unauthorized changes or deletions. The test data is a collection of inputs, scenarios, & special instances used to test the software in various ways. Example user inputs, error states, boundary values, and purpose-built test scenarios can all be part of this.
At this juncture, it’s important to mention that the testing platform does create a significant difference in the testing process and outcome. Learn how the QA processes are set from scratch to ensure unwavering software release.
Also Read: What are different software testing tools?
Key components of QA environments in Software Development
Providing a controlled testing environment, separating testing procedures from the production environment, & enabling thorough testing is key to QA environments in software development.
1. A controlled Testing Environment
Providing a controlled testing environment is a key function of any quality assurance (QA) setting. Creating a test environment with identical characteristics to a production one requires deploying dedicated servers, databases, and test data. Testers can evaluate the software’s performance in a real-world situation, finding and fixing any problems before the product’s release. It’s the coherent functioning of QA tester, DevOps and Business Analysts that ensures quick detection of bugs and early address.
2. Isolating Testing activities from the Production Environment
Another essential feature of QA environments is Isolating testing activities from the production environment. Organizations can lessen the likelihood of disruptions or adverse impacts on live systems by keeping the testing environment isolated from the production environment.
Without worrying about disrupting the manufacturing setting, testers can freely modify variables, conduct experiments, and conduct tests. Because of this separation, you can conduct comprehensive tests and release only validated software to users.
3. Facilitating Comprehensive Testing
The function of QA environments in facilitating comprehensive testing is also crucial. Testers can cover more ground by testing the software’s cross-platform interoperability, performance, compatibility, security, & user experience. Organizations can find bugs, fix them, raise the bar on software quality, and offer users something they can trust when they conduct thorough testing in a controlled environment.
BrowserStack is an industry-leading testing environment. It’s way more than a cross-browser testing tool. It’s a cloud infrastructure brimming with over 3000 browsers and real devices, all at your fingertip, anywhere and anytime.
What are the different types of QA Environments?
Specialized QA managers are deployed to carry out this specific task flawlessly to ensure smooth software roll-out. There are many different kinds of settings, such as testing, staging, production, & cloud.
Before releasing an application to the public, software developers often put it through its paces in a Quality Assurance (QA) environment. Common QA settings consist of the following:
1. Development Environment
The software development process is only possible with this setting. They can create, alter, and test code in isolation from the rest of the system. In most cases, users won’t be able to gain access to the debugging tools that are standard in development environments.
At the beginning of a software project, developers often use a development environment. They offer a location for programming, testing, & integrating code. To ensure that the software functions as expected in a production setting, developers employ staging environments, which are similar to the real thing but provide a more controlled testing environment.
2. Testing/Staging Environment
When testing software, it’s best to do it in a setting that closely mimics the final, live deployment. It helps QA teams execute thorough functional, performance, & regression testing by mimicking real-world conditions. Before the software is deployed to the production environment, it is tested here to help find and fix any problems.
3. Production Environment
A software application’s deployment and use by end users occurs in a production environment. It is the real-world context where the software program operates. The primary goals of quality assurance in a live production setting are to track the system’s uptime and response times for critical issues.
4. Integration Environment
The purpose of an integration environment is to put various software modules and their dependencies through their paces in a controlled setting. Identifying and resolving dependencies and conflicts between system components is key to this process.
5. User Acceptance Testing (UAT) Environment
For acceptance testing, real users should utilize the UAT setting. Users can verify that the program satisfies their needs by testing it against a set of criteria established in advance. User acceptance testing (UAT) settings aid in the collection of data, validation of usability, & user needs alignment.
6. Sandbox Environment
A sandbox is an unrestricted, safe place to try out new ideas and characteristics or to conduct exploratory testing. With this setup, QA teams can experiment with new settings and configurations or run more rigorous tests, without jeopardizing the integrity of other environments.
Challenges and Considerations
However, there are a few things to remember as you plan for and carry out QA procedures.
1. Infrastructure scalability and cost of Device Labs/Farms
The Infrastructure scalability and cost of Device Farms are significant obstacles. Scaling the infrastructure to support a growing number of users’ devices, platforms, and settings is a difficult and time-consuming endeavor. To effectively test across a wide variety of devices, businesses must first properly plan and manage resources.
Also Read: Build vs Buy: How to choose?
2. Environment consistency
Environment consistency is another difficulty. To get valid test results, it is essential to mimic the production setting as closely as possible. However, ensuring configuration, version, & dependency consistency across different settings can be difficult, leading to inconsistent test results.
To overcome this difficulty, businesses should implement efficient configuration management procedures & version control systems.
3. Data Privacy and Security
Data privacy and security are of paramount importance in quality assurance settings. It is crucial to safeguard test data from breaches and unauthorized access since it typically contains sensitive information. To guarantee data privacy & security during testing, businesses must implement strong data protection methods such as data anonymization, encryption, as well as access controls.
Note: BrowserStack Security fulfils SOC2 Type 2 compliance, CSA Star Level 1 and Level 2 compliant, along with GDPR compliance.
Importance of a QA Environment
In the realm of computer programming, a quality assurance setting is crucial. It’s a crucial step in ensuring software is bug-free and trustworthy before it hits the market. When working in a QA environment, there is no need to worry about testing affecting the live or production environment.
Let’s look at the role of a QA setting at various points in the procedure for testing.
1. Test Planning and Preparation
A QA setting facilitates the formulation of a clear test strategy, the identification of test objectives, and the test planning and preparation during the test design phase. To create more user focussed software, design thinking is pivotal. QA managers, testers and product designers leverage design thinking is an important part of test planning and preparation.
2. Test Execution and Validation
A crucial part of the quality assurance process is the Test execution and validation of the software’s behavior. Execute the identified test cases in the QA environment. This involves running the test scripts, manually executing test steps, and interacting with the application to simulate real-world usage scenarios.
3. Defect Tracking and Reporting
Defect tracking and reporting are essential in any quality assurance procedure. Defect tracking technologies like Jira, when incorporated into a quality assurance (QA) environment, allow testers to record issues, assign these to the appropriate parties, and keep tabs on their progress until closure.
Also Read: How to create and manage test cases in Jira
4. Collaboration and Communication
Incorporating collaboration platforms like Slack or GitHub into QA settings improves the efficiency of real-time communication, file sharing, & documentation handoffs.
- Jira: is the best project management solution available, allowing your team to plan, track, & deliver projects easily. It’s simple to use and packed with powerful features, so it’s easy to streamline processes, delegate work, and check up on progress. Not only that! Integrating the cutting-edge messaging platform Slack with Jira allows you to enjoy seamless, instantaneous communication like ever before.
- Slack: Slack provides a variety of ways for your team to communicate, including IM and video calls, which increases opportunities for teamwork and information sharing.
- GitHub: Not to mention GitHub, the most popular platform to generate software worldwide. Accelerate your coding projects by integrating Jira and Slack for streamlined communication, version control, and bug reporting.
Jira, Slack, & GitHub’s synergy will transform your team’s ability to work together, stay in constant contact, and produce high-quality work.
Why opt for BrowserStack Real Device Cloud as a QA environment?
A QA environment is crucial in developing software as it offers a regulated setting for testing, validation, & defect tracking. Creating, managing, and tracking tests, be it manual or automated, has never been this easy and efficient with BrowserStack’s unified test management.
In addition, there are many benefits to using BrowserStack Real Device Cloud for quality assurance.
- Access to more than 3000+ real devices across several OS and version combinations. This negates the need to keep a large stock of devices on hand for testing & guarantees full platform coverage.
- As a result, testers can more effectively simulate user interactions & do real-time debugging & troubleshooting.
- BrowserStack integrations streamline the testing process and shortens test cycles. In addition to expanding the scope and precision of QA procedures, it provides features including parallel testing, visual testing, and responsive testing.