Selenium vs QTP/UFT – What’s the Difference?
By Neha Vaidya, Community Contributor - September 17, 2020
Manual testing of any web-based application consumes significant time, resources, and money. It is not possible to rapidly test applications with manual intervention alone. Automation comes into the picture here to reduce or eliminate manual testing as much as possible. There are numerous tools available to facilitate automated testing of websites, with Selenium and QTP/UFT being two frequently used ones.
This article explores a comparison between Selenium and QTP/UFT, seeking to help testers make informed decisions about which tool would best suit their purposes.
Before we move ahead with comparing these tools, let’s gain a fundamental understanding of QTP/UFT.
What is QTP/UFT?
QTP, now called UFT, is a tool designed to perform automated functional testing seamlessly without monitoring the system in intervals.
QTP was renamed as UFT (Unified Functional Testing) by Microfocus. The tool is primarily used for functional, regression, and service testing. Using UFT, testers can automate user actions on a web or client based computer application and test and identify bugs that may appear when those actions are being performed. This applies to the same actions for different users, different data sets, on various Windows operating systems and different browsers. Automation using QTP/UFT, if planned and executed properly, can save considerable amounts of time and money.
Note: This article will refer to the newly rebranded UFT as QTP/UFT for the sake of clarity.
- QTP/UFT is designed to test various software applications and their environment.
- It is used to run UI-based test-cases and also automates non-UI test cases such as file operations, database testing, desktop applications, etc.
- QTP/UFT works on the Windows platform and across multiple browsers like Chrome, Firefox, etc.
- It also helps run Quality Assurance checks on the software under test.
- It offers easy navigation, result validation, and report generation.
What is Selenium?
Selenium is an open-source tool that automates web browsers. It provides a single interface that lets you write test scripts in programming languages like Ruby, Java, NodeJS, PHP, Perl, Python, and C#, among others. A browser driver then executes these scripts on a browser-instance on your device (more on this in a moment).
Selenium vs QTP//UFT
|Type of Software||Set of APIs||Desktop Application|
|Flexibility||Runs across all the browsers||Supports only Windows|
|Environment||Allows all additional plugins||Supports SAP, Oracle and includes no add-ons to the software|
|Browser Area Accessibility||Controls the visible area of the browser where the page is loaded||Controls the menu and toolbars of the browser and all other website toolkits with various formats|
|Test Execution||Can run tests synchronously with the integration of test frameworks such as TestNG||Must be combined with Micro Focus ALM to execute tests synchronously. ALM is a paid framework|
|Object Repository||Doesn’t have any such repository||Comes with a built-in repository|
|Test Execution Performance||Requires fewer system resources and can be used in Windows or Linux VM. Linux VM is lighter than Windows VM||Requires more system resources. It can only run on Windows VM, which uses more resources and needs more maintenance|
|Supported Technology||Struggles while automating SAP, Salesforce, mainframe applications||Supports nearly every major software application and environment, including SAP, Oracle, Salesforce, mainframes, embedded frameworks, headless browsers, and much more|
|Programming Language||Supports mature Object-Oriented Languages like Java||Supports only VBScript. Thus, the Object-Oriented Approach to automation becomes challenging with QTP/UFT|
Before choosing between these two tools, the following pointers must be studied. They outline the salient advantages of each tool over another.
- QTP/UFT only supports the VBScript programming language. Test scripts cannot be written in any other language. Selenium, however, supports a wide range of programming languages.
- QTP/UFT test scripts run only on the Windows environment. They cannot be run across all browsers. On the other hand, Selenium is OS independent and allows test scripts to run across all browsers.
- QTP/UFT does not support different IDEs. It works only on QTP/UFT developed IDEs.
- QTP/UFT has its own in-built object repository that helps in organize application data. Selenium does not provide this feature.
- The speed of automation when using QTP/UFT is faster compared to that of Selenium.
- QTP/UFT and Selenium both handle the controls within a browser like a favorite bar, address bar, back, and forward buttons, etc.
- QTP/UFT provides enterprise support if the user faces some issues.
- Both tools automatically generate test reports.
It must be noted that Selenium is the most frequently used test automation framework. This is not just because it is open source, but also because of the plethora of features it offers to testers seeking to automate websites for quality assurance activities. Obviously, all testing is best conducted on real browsers and devices.
To this end, BrowserStack offers a Cloud Selenium Grid of 2000+ real browsers and devices. Testers simply need to sign up for free, choose the browser-device-OS combination of their choice, and start running test scripts.
Choosing an automation tool is not easy in light of the many options available in the market. The Selenium vs QTP/UFT question often comes up in testing circles, and testers find themselves drowned in research and recommendations to figure out the best solution.
This article offers a preliminary comparison between the two, offering testers a foundation for conducting further product and market research.