Best Practices for Mobile App Testing
By Neha Bharati, Community Contributor - June 13, 2022
Did you know that problems detected during development cost 1ox more to fix than during design? After years of mobile app testing strategies coming into the picture, it is a default practice to catch bugs in the system before releasing it to the public. This is because, during development, an uncaught bug may cause a domino effect of failures and bugs. And if not caught early, it is very expensive to correct it. That is why it is advised to test early in the development process and perform usability testing throughout the process.
Follow-Up Read: Recommended Tools for Mobile Testing
Mobile app testing if not done thoroughly, can be error-prone and expensive. There are many factors to consider in mobile app testing, like different OSs, device sizes, and other scenarios and it can look like a daunting task. Hence, there should be certain good practices to ensure that the testing process is streamlined and efficient.
Challenges in Mobile App Testing
Before diving into the mobile app testing best practices, let’s understand the challenges faced by mobile app testing
- Different Data Connections: As we know, mobile devices latch on to different network speeds (3G, 4G, etc) based on their availability and WiFi. The testers should test their applications under such network conditions and make sure that they run under a bad or unstable network. BrowserStack lets you do this with a feature called Network Simulation which allows network throttling to test mobile applications under real-world context.
- Device Fragmentation: Device fragmentation refers to the wide variety of devices available for use in the market at any given time. The number of active devices running an app at a given time keeps increasing every year. It is up to the testing teams to ensure that their apps work on different operating systems like Android and iOS across different browser combinations.
- Third-Party Integrations: Most applications use in-built functionalities of devices, like SMS or third-party services for analytics and crash reporting. The testers should ensure that their apps work seamlessly with such services. This task can increase the workload to test the mobile application adequately. Want to know 5 Reasons Why Mobile Apps Crash?
- Processing Power: Gaming apps and video streaming significantly affect battery life. Apart from this, users use many apps that run in the background, which requires CPU cycles. A dedicated device lab is required to test the effects of multiple cycles on the mobile application. This also requires time and effort and multiple iterations to ensure optimum power usage for the application.
Types of Mobile Application Testing
There are different tests run on mobile applications to test the overall health of any application. Naturally, these tests also serve as part of best practices for mobile app testing.
- Functional Testing: It tests the overall functionality of any mobile app
- Regression Testing: Throughout the life cycle of a mobile app, many features and micro functionalities will be added later on, which may cause bugs. Regression testing helps identify such bugs in functional and non-functional areas
- Security Testing: Users prefer to use secure mobile applications and prevent attackers from hacking into their personal data. Experts best do this kind of testing because it can get complex and require knowledge about client-server communication, software architecture, and system architecture.
- Usability Testing: It is important to test the user experience of any mobile app to ensure that it functions in the desired way that was originally intended.
- Compatibility Testing: This is done to test whether the mobile app behaves as expected across different mobile devices and browsers. Testing infrastructure like BrowserStack provides a real-device cloud where mobile apps can be tested for cross-compatibility issues. Testing your native and hybrid apps on real mobile and tablet devices for the most accurate testing results becomes easier and more effective.
Best Practices for Mobile App Testing
Now, that you’re aware of the challenges and types of testing that happens, here are the best practices that can be taken as a guideline for your QA team to make sure the testing process is not missing the important factors.
- Understand Your Mobile App: Before testing any application, it is important to understand the complete functionality of your app so that suitable test cases can be developed and your overall test coverage metrics are in good shape.
- Invest in Usability Testing: User experience is paramount for mobile apps. It can make or break the success of your brand as users always prefer apps that are easy to use and functional. Care should be taken while conducting mobile usability testing for best results.
- Test Under Real-Time Scenarios: It is crucial to test mobile apps under real-time conditions, including bad network conditions, different timezones, GPS locations, interruptions due to SMSes, low-battery warnings, etc. With BrowserStack you can go beyond the usual browser/OS/device testing and actually test under real user conditions such as natural app gestures/interactions, payment workflows, in-app purchases, geotargeting, and so on.
- Monitor Upgrades in Operating Systems: It would be detrimental for a mobile app if it doesn’t work when there is an OS upgrade. Hence testers should be on the lookout for upgrades and maintain the app accordingly. BrowserStack has the latest and widest range of OS-device-browser combinations. This makes it very handy for testers to test their application across recommended devices.
- Test Early, Test often: It is a good practice to have a test-driven approach where the application is tested right from the early stages and at different milestones of the project to build a stable and reliable application. Most of the features in an application can be automated which significantly reduces the testing time and efforts.
- Split the Testing Process: It is easier to break down the app testing into smaller units and test individually. These units can be to test certain functionalities or modules of the app. Splitting the tests helps in targeting all the app areas and exhaustive testing can be done.
- Focus on Real-Time Devices: No amount of emulator/simulator testing can pan up to testing on real devices. More emphasis should be put on testing with real devices, possibly using cloud testing platforms like BrowserStack. It is a cost-effective solution and a very popular choice among many testers.
Usability testing works best with real devices and for accurate results, it is preferable to test on real devices over emulators.
For mobile apps, testing not only involves functional testing but many other factors like network connectivity, gesture testing, and offline mode functionalities over multiple devices.
That is where BrowserStack shines because it provides network simulation, geolocation testing, live debugging, and more on 3000+ real devices & browsers. Since it is an online cloud platform, it greatly facilitates remote usability testing as well. Teams can test the application on their preferred devices and report their findings without much hassle.
Be it manual or automated testing, mobile app testing cannot be conducted without the right tools. Most teams do not have access to a device lab for real-world testing. Naturally, teams must turn to cloud-based options for testing.