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Integrate your Appium test suite with Jenkins and the BrowserStack device cloud for native and hybrid apps using our Jenkins plugin.

Introduction

Jenkins is an open-source Continuous Integration (CI) server, which automates the build and deploy process of your web applications. By running your Selenium test suite in Jenkins, you also automate testing as part of the build process. Add BrowserStack to the mix, and your web apps can be tested across 2000+ real devices and desktop browsers. BrowserStack lets you integrate your Selenium tests with Jenkins using a plugin that connects your Jenkins CI server to the BrowserStack Selenium Grid.

Use the BrowserStack Jenkins plugin to:

  1. Configure your BrowserStack credentials for your Jenkins jobs.
  2. Upload your app build to the BrowserStack servers.
  3. Set up and tear down the BrowserStack Local binary for testing internal, development and staging environments.

Prerequisites

You need the following set up before you begin

  • An existing Jenkins CI server (version 1.653+)
  • A BrowserStack account

Installing the Jenkins plugin

To run your Appium tests with Jenkins on BrowserStack, you will first need to download our Jenkins plugin. Before installing the plugin, ensure you have the necessary privileges to administer your Jenkins installation. We recommend doing this when there are no active build jobs running on Jenkins.

  1. Click on Manage Jenkins > Manage Plugins.
  2. Click on the Available tab.
  3. In the search box type BrowserStack.
  4. Choose BrowserStack from the list of available plugins. jenkins_1

  5. Check the box and install the plugin.
  6. Once the plugin has been successfully installed you will be able to see it in the list of Installed plugins. jenkins_2

Note: If the BrowserStack plugin doesn’t show up in the list of Available plugins, click on the Check Now button to force Jenkins to pull the latest available plugins from Jenkins update center.

Configuring your BrowserStack credentials

Once you’ve installed the plugin, you will need to configure your BrowserStack credentials to complete the integration between Jenkins and your Appium tests. Follow these steps to configure BrowserStack inside Jenkins:

  1. Go to Manage Jenkins > Configure System
  2. Under the BrowserStack section, click on the Add button next to BrowserStack Credentials jenkins_3
  3. Enter your BrowserStack Username and Access Key which you can find on your BrowserStack Account Settings page jenkins_5

  4. Save your changes

Configuring app upload step

Next, you will need to upload your app to the BrowserStack servers and for that, you will need to configure the app upload build step. Follow these steps to configure a build step to upload your app to the BrowserStack servers:

  1. Go to build job > Configure
  2. In the Build section, click on the Add build step
  3. Select Upload App to BrowserStack jenkins_6

  4. Enter the path to your app file on the local Jenkins server and click Save. jenkins_7

Configure BrowserStack credentials in TestSuite

The BrowserStack Jenkins plugin sets the following environment variables:

BROWSERSTACK_USERNAME
BROWSERSTACK_ACCESS_KEY
BROWSERSTACK_APP_ID
BROWSERSTACK_LOCAL
BROWSERSTACK_LOCAL_IDENTIFIER

Use these environment variables to set the DesiredCapabilities in your tests. For example:

String userName = System.getenv("BROWSERSTACK_USERNAME");
String accessKey = System.getenv("BROWSERSTACK_ACCESS_KEY");
String browserstackLocal = System.getenv("BROWSERSTACK_LOCAL");
String browserstackLocalIdentifier = System.getenv("BROWSERSTACK_LOCAL_IDENTIFIER");
String app = System.getenv("BROWSERSTACK_APP_ID");

public static void main(String args[]) throws MalformedURLException, InterruptedException {
    DesiredCapabilities caps = new DesiredCapabilities();
    caps.setCapability("device", "Samsung Galaxy S8");
    caps.setCapability("app", app);
    caps.setCapability("browserstack.local", browserstackLocal);
    caps.setCapability("browserstack.localIdentifier", browserstackLocalIdentifier);
}

driver = new AndroidDriver(new URL("https://"+userName+":"+accessKey+"@hub-cloud.browserstack.com/wd/hub", caps);
userName = process.env.BROWSERSTACK_USERNAME
accessKey = process.env.BROWSERSTACK_ACCESS_KEY
browserstackLocal = process.env.BROWSERSTACK_LOCAL
browserstackLocalIdentifier = process.env.BROWSERSTACK_LOCAL_IDENTIFIER
app = process.env.BROWSERSTACK_APP_ID

var capabilities = {
    "browserstack.user" : userName,
    "browserstack.key" : accessKey,
    "app" : app,
    "device" : "Samsung Galaxy S8",
    "browserstack.local" : browserstackLocal,
    "browserstack.localIdentifier" : browserstackLocalIdentifier
}

driver = wd.promiseRemote("https://hub-cloud.browserstack.com/wd/hub");

driver
  .init(capabilities)
  //Write your code here
  .fin(function() { return driver.quit(); })
  .done();
userName = Environment.GetEnvironmentVariable("BROWSERSTACK_USERNAME");
accessKey = Environment.GetEnvironmentVariable("BROWSERSTACK_ACCESS_KEY");
browserstackLocal = Environment.GetEnvironmentVariable("BROWSERSTACK_LOCAL");
browserstackLocalIdentifier = Environment.GetEnvironmentVariable("BROWSERSTACK_LOCAL_IDENTIFIER");
app = Environment.GetEnvironmentVariable("BROWSERSTACK_APP_ID");

DesiredCapabilities caps = new DesiredCapabilities();
caps.SetCapability("browserstack.user", userName);
caps.SetCapability("browserstack.key", accessKey);
caps.SetCapability("app", app);
caps.SetCapability("device", "Samsung Galaxy S8");
caps.SetCapability("browserstack.local", browserstackLocal);
caps.SetCapability("browserstack.localIdentifier", browserstackLocalIdentifier);

AndroidDriver driver = new AndroidDriver(new Uri("https://hub-cloud.browserstack.com/wd/hub"), caps);

$user_name = getenv("BROWSERSTACK_USERNAME")
$access_key = getenv("BROWSERSTACK_ACCESS_KEY")
$browserstack_local = getenv("BROWSERSTACK_LOCAL")
$browserstack_local_identifier = getenv("BROWSERSTACK_LOCAL_IDENTIFIER")
$app = getenv("BROWSERSTACK_APP_ID")


$capabilities = new DesiredCapabilities();
$capabilities->setCapability("device", 'Samsung Galaxy S8');
$capabilities->setCapability("app", app);
$capabilities->setCapability("browserstack.local", browserstack_local);
$capabilities->setCapability("browserstack.localIdentifier", browserstack_local_identifier);


$driver = RemoteWebDriver::create("https://"+user_name+":"+access_key+"@hub-cloud.browserstack.com/wd/hub", $capabilities);
user_name = os.getenv("BROWSERSTACK_USERNAME")
access_key = os.getenv("BROWSERSTACK_ACCESS_KEY")
browserstack_local = os.getenv("BROWSERSTACK_LOCAL")
browserstack_local_identifier = os.getenv("BROWSERSTACK_LOCAL_IDENTIFIER")
app = os.getenv("BROWSERSTACK_APP_ID")

desired_cap = {
    'app': app,
    'device': 'Samsung Galaxy S8',
    'browserstack.local': browserstack_local,
    'browserstack.localIdentifier': browserstack_local_identifier
}

driver = webdriver.Remote("https://"+user_name+":"+access_key+"@hub-cloud.browserstack.com/wd/hub", desired_cap)
user_name = ENV["BROWSERSTACK_USERNAME"]
access_key = ENV["BROWSERSTACK_ACCESS_KEY"]
browserstack_local = ENV["BROWSERSTACK_LOCAL"]
browserstack_local_identifier = ENV["BROWSERSTACK_LOCAL_IDENTIFIER"]
app = ENV["BROWSERSTACK_APP_ID"]

desired_caps = {
	'device': 'Samsung Galaxy S8',
    'app': app,
    'browserstack.local': browserstack_local,
    'browserstack.localIdentifier': browserstack_local_identifier
}


appium_driver = Appium::Driver.new({
    'caps' => desired_caps,
    'appium_lib' => {
        :server_url => "https://#{user_name}:#{access_key}@hub-cloud.browserstack.com/wd/hub"
    }}, true)

Note: If you are using BrowserStack Local, you must pass browserstack.local and browserstack.localIdentifier capabilities to test on your local development servers.

To enable BrowserStack Local follow these steps:

  1. Under the Build Environment section check the box next to BrowserStack Local
    jenkins_8

  2. If you are using an externally downloaded binary, you can enter its location at BrowserStack Local Path. If left empty, the plugin will automatically download the binary (recommended). This is recommended especially if you are using Jenkins in master-slave configurations since the plugin will download the appropriate binary for the build agent OS. Use BrowserStack Local Options to set any additional configuration options when running the binary. Full list of options available here

Once you’ve integrated BrowserStack Local through the Jenkins plugin, you can run your Appium tests for mobile apps with servers hosted on private, development, and internal staging safely and securely.

Conclusion

By following the steps outlined in this guide, you should have a seamless integration between your existing automation in Jenkins, your Appium tests and the BrowserStack device cloud. This will help you leverage all the benefits of test automation and the scale and coverage offered by BrowserStack