App & Browser Testing Made Easy

Give your users a seamless experience by testing on 3000+ real devices and browsers. Don't compromise with emulators and simulators

Home Guide Top JavaScript Testing Frameworks

Top JavaScript Testing Frameworks

By Jash Unadkat, Technical Content Writer at BrowserStack -

Over the last few years, the programming landscape has changed drastically.

There have been several notable advancements in the field of web development. Developer communities are now adopting more dynamic frameworks than conventional programming languages like Java, PHP, .NET. Developers these days prefer more dynamic frameworks based on JavaScript.

What is a JavaScript Testing Framework?

The JavaScript testing framework is a dynamic framework based on JS, which is well known for its ease of use in front-end and back-end development. These transitions over time also result in the need for excellent testing tools. It has been around for almost two decades, and it continues to be used by millions of front-end and back-end developers all around the world.

Top JavaScript Testing Frameworks

With the 5 most-recommended Javascript frameworks displayed above, let’s follow it up with the updated list of top 9 JavaScript testing frameworks and their benefits.

1. MochaJS

MochaMochaJS has been one of the most popular JavaScript testing frameworks since 2011. It operates on Node.js and provides front-end and back-end asynchronous testing compatibility. Mocha has proven to be a well-established framework over the past few years with firm documentation support.

Hosted on Github, Mocha is recognized for its flexibility, and as a result, it has proven to be one of the most dependent libraries among JavaScript developers.

Key Benefits of Mocha:

  • Provides compatibility for both front-end and back-end testing
  • NodeJS debugger is supported, which makes error tracing easier
  • Accurate reporting
  • Provides support for all browsers, including the headless Chrome library
  • Very convenient framework for the developers to write test cases

When to use Jasmine:

  • Unit Testing (BDD and TDD)
  • Integration Testing (BDD and TDD)

2. Jest

JestJest is arguably the most popular JavaScript testing framework used and maintained by Facebook. The JEST testing framework provides a “zero-configuration” testing experience.

Jest is a highly preferred framework for applications based on React. It provides a straightforward and very convenient user interface. This framework comes bundled with exciting features like snapshot testing and a built-in tool for code coverage. There are also a lot of resources available online that can be used to validate almost everything around JavaScript, especially the browser rendering of web apps.

Key Benefits of JEST:

  • Compatible with NodeJS, React, Angular, VueJS, and other Babel-based projects
  • Standard syntax with documentation support
  • Very fast and highly performant
  • Managing tests with larger objects is possible using Live Snapshots

When to use JEST:

  • Unit Testing
  • Integration Testing
  • End to End Testing

Follow-Up Read: Jest Framework Tutorial

3. Jasmine

JasmineIntroduced in 2010, Jasmine is an open-source JavaScript testing framework that is capable of testing all types of JavaScript applications. This framework supports Behavioral Driven Development (BDD). Using Jasmine, one can perform test cases similar to user behavior on a website. Jasmine is highly influenced by JS Spec and Rspec.

Jasmine is highly beneficial for front-end testing. It includes both visibility testing and the responsiveness testing of UI across various devices with different resolutions. One can also automate user behavior with custom delay and wait time for simulating the actual user behavior.

Key Benefits of Jasmine:

  • Provides small, clean, and straightforward syntax for easy testing
  • Does not require any Document Object Model (DOM)
  • Includes support for both front-end and back-end tests
  • Ease in coding as the syntax used is very similar to a natural language
  • Strong documentation and community support

When to use Jasmine:

  • BDD Framework for Unit Testing

4. Karma

KarmaKarma is another popular open-source productive testing environment (Test Runner). It allows a QA to perform tests for an application in different environments. Karma allows the application script to be executed on real browsers and devices like phones and tablets. Karma aims to provide a testing environment for developers wherein they don’t need to set up loads of configurations. Instead, they can just run the tests and get instant feedback.

Key Benefits of Using Karma:

  • Supports integrations with top CI/CD tools like Jenkins, Travis, and Semaphore
  • Tests on real devices and browsers are possible.
  • Provides support for headless environments like PhantomJS
  • Supports remote testing directly from a terminal or IDE
  • Is framework agnostic, which means one can describe tests with popular frameworks like Mocha, and Jasmine. One can also write a simple adapter for a specific framework.

When to use Karma: 

  • Unit Testing
  • Test Runner

5. Puppeteer (Node Library)

PuppeteerPuppeteer is a Node library that provides a high-level API. This API is used to control Chrome or Chromium over the DevTools protocol. One of the major limitations of Puppeteer is the fact that it works only with Chrome and Chromium. The Puppeteer can be used for browser-specific applications like page structure tests, taking website screenshots, and more.

Note: Puppeteer is a library rather than a framework similar to the rest of the list. It has been included because it offers many advantages concerning JavaScript testing in Chrome.

One can also crawl and capture pre-rendered content for Single Page Applications (SPA). Although Puppeteer has been recently introduced in the testing landscape, it has a high adoption rate, making its future promising.

Additional Benefits of Puppeteer include:

  • Easy automating UI testing, form submission, and keyboard inputs
  • Easy generation of screenshots and PDFs of webpages
  • Support for testing Chrome extensions
  • One can easily diagnose performance issues on a site using the timeline trace.

When to use Puppeteer: 

  • End to End Testing
  • Headless Browser Testing

Read our official documentation to run Puppeteer Tests on BrowserStack.

6. NightwatchJS

Nightwatch 2xNightwatchJS is another testing framework for web applications and websites which is beneficial for end-to-end automation testing as it enables us to write end-to-end tests in node.js quickly and effortlessly. Nightwatch simplifies the process of continuous integration and set up automated tests. With Nightwatch, one can comprehend and configure the Selenium test suit and select the specific browser to execute tests. It allows parallel testing which further reduces the build time.

Key Benefits of Nightwatch include:

  • Clear syntax
  • Has built-in command-line test runner
  • Controls standalone Selenium server in a separate child process.
  • Automatically manages the WebDriver services (Edge, Safari, GeckoDriver)
  • Flexible command and assertion framework

When to use NightwatchJS: 

NightwatchJS can be used for:

  • End to End Testing
  • Visual Testing

Top JavaScript Testing Frameworks

7. Cypress

Cypress ioCypress framework is a JavaScript-based end-to-end testing framework built on top of Mocha making asynchronous testing simple and convenient. Unit tests in Cypress are executed without even having to run a web server making it the ideal tool for testing a JS/TS library that is meant to be used in the browser.

Key Benefits of Cypress: 

  • Simple and easy to set up
  • Debug your web apps easily with Chrome dev tools directly
  • Universal in nature and can test anything that runs in a web browser
  • Active community on GitHub and StackOverflow
  • Delivers quick test execution

When to use Cypress: 

Cypress can be used for:

  • End to End Testing
  • Cross Browser Testing
  • Headless Browser Testing
  • Functional Testing
  • API Testing
  • Performance Testing
  • Component Testing
  • Accessibility Testing
  • Visual Testing

Top JavaScript Testing Frameworks

8. Playwright (Node Library)

Playwright for Visual Test AutomationPlaywright is an open-source test automation library initially developed by Microsoft contributors. It supports programming languages like Java, Python, C#, and NodeJS. Playwright comes with Apache 2.0 License and is most popular with NodeJS with Javascript/Typescript.

Playwright comes with a set of APIs used to automate major browsers like Firefox, Chromium, and WebKit.

Key Benefits of Playwright: 

  • Easy installation and set up
  • Supports multiple browsers
  • Supports different languages such as Java, C#, Python, JavaScript/ Typescript
  • Supports Functional, End to End, and API Testing.
  • Supports Headless Browser Testing
  • Playwright debugs your web app using Browser DevTools, Visual Studio, etc.

When to use Playwright: 

Playwright can be used for:

  • End to End Testing
  • Cross Browser Testing
  • Headless Browser Testing
  • Functional Testing
  • API Testing

9. Selenium

Selenium e1682490216895Selenium is an open-source automation testing suite that is widely used for the automation testing of web applications. It automates browsers and interacts with UI elements to replicate user actions to test whether a web application is functioning as expected. Selenium framework allows the tester to write test scripts in different languages such as Java, Javascript, Ruby, Perl, C#, NodeJS, Python, and PHP, offering flexibility.

Key Benefits of Selenium: 

Top JavaScript Testing Frameworks

When to use Selenium: 

Selenium can be used for:

In Conclusion

When looking for testing platforms, choosing the right one that offers integrations with your preferred framework is important. BrowserStack Automate, for example, supports JavaScript testing frameworks to make testing significantly more straightforward and more efficient.

Running the automation tests on a BrowserStack real device cloud reduces the time needed to be spent on configuring and maintaining the device infrastructure. This will eventually lead to a robust test framework ensuring better test coverage and a better product for the end-users. You can access 3000+ browser-device combinations offering a wide coverage, allowing you to test end to end under real user conditions.

Try BrowserStack for Free

Is your Website Responsive across all devices?

Check what your customers see, with our FREE Responsive Checker Tool.

Automation Testing Javascript Testing Tools

Featured Articles

How to Reduce Page Load Time in Javascript

How to resolve JavaScript Cross Browser Compatibility Issues

Curated for all your Testing Needs

Actionable Insights, Tips, & Tutorials delivered in your Inbox
By subscribing , you agree to our Privacy Policy.
thank you illustration

Thank you for Subscribing!

Expect a curated list of guides shortly.